CARDIOVASCULAR JOURNAL OF AFRICA: VOLUME 15, ISSUE 5, SEP 2004
  1. Title: Cellular injury in ischaemia : editorial comment
    Authors: Lochner, A.; Koeslag, J.H.; Du Toit, E.F.; Huisamen, B.; Moolman, J.A.; Van Rooyen, J.
    From: Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa, Vol 15, Issue 5, Sep / Oct
    Published: 2004
    Pages: p.205-206
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  2. Title: Hyperhomocyst(e)inemia is an important risk factor for vascular disease in subjects with high-molecular weight apo(a) isoforms : cardiovascular topics
    Authors: Delport, Rhena; Lingenhel, Arnulf W.; Ubbink, Johan B.; Kraft, Hans G.
    From: Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa, Vol 15, Issue 5, Sep / Oct
    Published: 2004
    Pages: p.207-213
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    Abstract: Background: Homocyst(e)ine is reported to increase the binding of lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] to fibrin, which may increase the thrombogenic effects of Lp(a) in vivo. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is a relationship between homocyst(e)ine and Lp(a) levels and vascular disease risk, and if the relationship depends on the apo(a) isoforms.
    Methods: A case-control study was performed in 91 Caucasian male subjects with vascular disease due to athersclerosis, and in 100 healthy age- and sex-matched control subjects.
    Results: Both hyperhomocyst(e)inemia and elevated Lp(a) were significantly more prevalent in patients. Concordant elevated Lp(a) and hyperhomocyst(e)inemia were not associated with increased vascular disease risk (relative odds 2.96; 95% CI: 0.90-9.80), while hyperhomocyst(e)inemia in the absence of elevated Lp(a) was associated with increased vascular disease risk (relative odds 7.20; 95% CI: 2.37-21.91). Hyperhomocyst(e)inemia in individuals with high-molecular weight apo(a) isoforms [smaller apo(a) isoform > S3] was observed to be associated with increased vascular disease risk (relative odds 11.02; 95% CI: 3.54-34.30), while vascular disease risk in subjects with low-molecular weight apo(a) isoforms [smaller apo(a) isoform < S3] was not significantly increased, the relative odds being 1.92; 95% CI: 0.51-7.24.
    Conclusions: We conclude that hyperhomocyst(e)inemia is an important risk factor in individuals with highmolecular weight apo(a) isoforms.
     
  3. Title: Risk factors and complications of hypertension in Yaounde, Cameroon : cardiovascular topics
    Authors: Shey Wiysonge, C.U.; Ngu Blackett, K.; Mbuagbaw, J.N.
    From: Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa, Vol 15, Issue 5, Sep / Oct
    Published: 2004
    Pages: p.215-219
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    Abstract: Aim: To determine the risk factors and complications of hypertension, isolated systolic hypertension (ISH) and isolated diastolic hypertension (IDH) in Yaounde.
    Methods and Results: Between January and September 1998 we examined 813 consecutive adult patients (46.5% men) in the Yaounde University Teaching Hospital, with special focus on risk factors of hypertension and clinical findings in the cardiovascular system. We measured systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, body mass index and plasma glucose, and recorded chest X-ray, electrocardiogram and echocardiogram. Hypertension, ISH and IDH were defined using the WHO-ISH 1999 criteria. After controlling for the confounding effects of age and sex, hypertension was significantly associated with obesity, family history of hypertension, alcohol intake, heart failure, stroke and left ventricular hypertrophy (p < 0.01); smoking was significantly associated with ISH (p = 0.04), and no factor was independently associated with IDH.
    Conclusions: A prevention strategy for hypertension and its resultant complications in Cameroon should include measures aimed at obesity and alcohol consumption, as well as early diagnosis with the institution of effective and affordable therapy.
     
  4. Title: Metabolic Cardiomyopathy, H. Böhles, A.C. Sewell : book review
    Authors: Brink, P.A.
    From: Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa, Vol 15, Issue 5, Sep / Oct
    Published: 2004
    Pages: p.220
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  5. Title: SA Heart Association National Congress, 6-8 October 2004, ICC, Durban : abstracts
    From: Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa, Vol 15, Issue 5, Sep / Oct
    Published: 2004
    Pages: p.221-246
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  6. Title: New pathophysiological insights explain life-saving benefits of perindopril in coronary artery disease patients : drug trends in cardiology
    From: Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa, Vol 15, Issue 5, Sep / Oct
    Published: 2004
    Pages: p.248-249
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  7. Title: ACTION with nifedipine GITS (Adalat XL) provides evidence for safety and improved outcome in angina patients : drug trends in cardiology
    From: Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa, Vol 15, Issue 5, Sep / Oct
    Published: 2004
    Pages: p.249-251
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  8. Title: CHARM study in CHF patients with impaired LV function reinforces benefits of candesartan cilexetil (Atacand(R)) : drug trends in cardiology
    From: Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa, Vol 15, Issue 5, Sep / Oct
    Published: 2004
    Pages: p.252
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  9. Title: Fixed-combination therapy for hypertension increases success rate : drug trends in cardiology
    From: Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa, Vol 15, Issue 5, Sep / Oct
    Published: 2004
    Pages: p.254-255
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  10. Title: Significant reduction in heart attacks in patients taking Pfizer's Lipitor : drug trends in cardiology
    From: Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa, Vol 15, Issue 5, Sep / Oct
    Published: 2004
    Pages: p.255
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  11. Title: Teveten(R) (eprosartan) reduces future risk in hypertensive stroke patients : drug trends in cardiology
    From: Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa, Vol 15, Issue 5, Sep / Oct
    Published: 2004
    Pages: p.255-256
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  12. Title: Cardio news
    From: Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa, Vol 15, Issue 5, Sep / Oct
    Published: 2004
    Pages: p.256
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Efficacy of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging in a sub-aortic aneurysm case

Published: 29 June 2017
 
 
A preliminary review of warfarin toxicity in a tertiary hospital in Cape Town, South Africa

Published: 21 June 2017
 
 
Effects of age on systemic inflamatory response syndrome and results of coronary bypass surgery

Published: 23 May 2017
 
 
Pilot study of risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease in northern and southern Cameroonians

Published: 17 May 2017
 
 
Clinical profile, management and outcomes of patients with pulmonary embolism: a retrospective tertiary centre study in Angola

Published: 17 May 2017
 
 
Role of melatonin in glucose uptake by cardiomyocytes from insulin-resistant Wistar rats

Published: 17 May 2017
 
 
Atorvastatin inhibits cholesterol-induced caspase-3 cleavage through down-regulation of p38 and up-regulation of Bcl-2 in the rat carotid artery

Published: 10 May 2017
 
 
Relationship between coronary tortuosity and plateletcrit coronary tortuosity and plateletcrit

Published: 26 April 2017
 
 
Clinical presentation and outcomes of patients with acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease seen at a tertiary hospital setting in Port Elizabeth, South Africa

Published: 20 April 2017
 
 
Electrocardiographic abnormalities in treatment-naïve HIV subjects in south-east Nigeria

Published: 24 March 2017
 
 
Medication adherence among cardiac patients in Khartoum State, Sudan: a cross-sectional study

Published: 24 March 2017
 
 
An unusual case of aorta–right atrial tunnel with windsock aneurysm: imaging, diagnosis and treatment

Published: 15 March 2017
 
 
Prevalence of rheumatic valvular heart disease in Rwandan school children: echocardiographic evaluation using the World Heart Federation criteria

Published: 1 March 2017
 
 
Factors affecting interest in cardiothoracic surgery among junior surgical residents in Nigeria

Published: 1 March 2017
 
 
New World’s old disease: cardiac hydatid disease and surgical principles

Published: 20 February 2017
 
 
The prevalence and radiological findings of pulmonary embolism in HIV-positive patients referred for computed tomography pulmonary angiography in the Western Cape of South Africa

Published: 15 February 2017
 
 
Right ventricular strain as predictor of pulmonary complications in patients with femur fracture

Published: 01 February 2017
 
 
Atrial myxoma: a rare cause of hemiplegia in children

Published: 09 December 2016
 
 
Left ventricular haematoma mimicking lateral wall myocardial infarction secondary to percutaneous coronary intervention

Published: 10 November 2016
 
 
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