CARDIOVASCULAR JOURNAL OF AFRICA: VOLUME 17, ISSUE 1, FEB 2006
  1. Title: The value of accurate analytics in the management of cardiovascular disease! : editorial
    Authors: Delport, Rhena
    From: Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa, Vol 17, Issue 1, Jan / Feb
    Published: 2006
    Pages: p.3-5
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  2. Title: Clinical correlates of left ventricular hypertrophy in black patients with arterial hypertension : cardiovascular topics
    Authors: Lepira, F.B.; Kayembe, P.K.; M'Buyamba-Kabangu, J.R.; Nseka, M.N.
    From: Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa, Vol 17, Issue 1, Jan / Feb
    Published: 2006
    Pages: p.7-11
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    Abstract: Objective: To assess the relationship between the lipid profile, other cardiovascular risk factors and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in black hypertensive patients.
    Materials and methods: We undertook a cross-sectional study of a case series at the hypertension clinic, University of Kinshasa Hospital. Lipids, lipoproteins and other cardiovascular risk factors were analysed in 100 consecutive hypertensive patients. Left ventricular hypertrophy was assessed by 12-lead electrocardiography (ECG) using Cornell voltage index.
    Results: Forty-eight hypertensive patients, 26 men and 22 women, had LVH. With univariate analysis, the patients with LVH were older (age 52 + 9 vs 45 + 9 years; p < 0.001), had higher pulse pressure levels (57 + 11 vs 50 + 15 mm Hg; p < 0, 01), and more were receiving antihypertensive treatment (68 vs 28%; p < 0.001) compared to those without LVH. With multiple logistic regression analysis, the duration of hypertension, high high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and plasma glucose levels, and being on antihypertensive treatment have emerged as the main predictors of the presence of LVH. The patients with duration of hypertension two years or more (adjusted OR 7.23; 95% CI: 1.576-42.884) had a higher risk for LVH; however, those with HDL-C > 1.03 mmol/l (adjusted OR 0.19; 95% CI: 0.057-0.651), plasma glucose > 6.11 mmol/l (adjusted OR 0.19; 95% CI: 0.046- 0.828), or on treatment for hypertension (adjusted OR 0.23; 95% CI: 0.082-0.645) had a lower risk for cardiac damage compared to their respective control groups.
    Conclusion: LVH is a common complication in Congolese hypertensives. Dyslipidaemia, high plasma glucose levels, the duration of hypertension and being on antihypertensive therapy appear to be the main predictors of hypertensive cardiac damage.
     
  3. Title: Cardiovascular function of African women with different BMIs and blood pressures : the POWIRS study : cardiovascular topics
    Authors: Schutte, Rudolph; Huisman, Hugo Willem; Schutte, Aletta Elisabeth; Malan, Nicolaas Theodor; Underhay, Colette
    From: Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa, Vol 17, Issue 1, Jan / Feb
    Published: 2006
    Pages: p.12-18
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    Abstract: Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the cardiovascular profiles of a group of African women with different body mass indices and blood pressures.
    Materials and methods: The study included a sample of 98 apparently healthy African women. The subjects were divided into three groups: lean normotensive (lean NT), overweight / obese normotensive (OW / OB NT), and overweight / obese hypertensive (OW / OB HT). The Finometer apparatus was used to obtain a more elaborate cardiovascular profile. The lipid profile and subcutaneous fat distributions were also determined.
    Results: A positive correlation between blood pressure and increased adiposity was obtained. Cardiac output (CO) was elevated in both OW/OB groups. Arterial compliance (CW) was significantly decreased and total peripheral resistance (TPR) significantly increased in the OW / OB HT group compared to the OW / OB NT group. In the total group, systolic and diastolic blood pressure could be explained best by the abdominal skinfold, which showed a direct positive association with TPR and a negative association with CW. In the OW / OB HT group, the increased TPR could best be explained by the abdominal skinfold.
    Conclusions: In the OW / OB HT group, an increase in CO and decrease in vascular function led to the hypertensivity of this group. This seems to be related to a truncal, especially abdominal subcutaneous fat distribution. The decreased vascular function was reaffirmed by the pulse pressure (PP) exceeding 63 mmHg, indicating that this group was at high risk for the development of further cardiovascular complications. Lack of significant differences between the OW / OB groups for the anthropometric and lipid profile variables and the difference in age may indicate that the younger OW / OB NT group was at high risk and should be followed up in ensuing years.
     
  4. Title: The William Nelson ECG quiz
    From: Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa, Vol 17, Issue 1, Jan / Feb
    Published: 2006
    Pages: p.18, 33
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  5. Title: Effects and outcome of haemodialysis on QT intervals and QT dispersion in patients with chronic kidney disease : cardiovascular topics
    Authors: Familoni, O.B.; Alebiosu, C.O.; Ayodele, O.E.
    From: Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa, Vol 17, Issue 1, Jan / Feb
    Published: 2006
    Pages: p.19-23
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    Abstract: Cardiovascular complications and sudden cardiac death are common in patients with chronic kidney disease and those on haemodialysis. This is often associated with prolonged QTc and QTc dispersion intervals.
    Forty-two patients on haemodialysis were compared with 45 control subjects to study the effect of haemodialysis on these ECG parameters and to compare mortality rates of those with excessively prolonged QTc and QTc dispersion. Maximum QTcd, QTd and QTc dispersion increased with dialysis although these did not reach statistical significance. The maximum QTc was longer than 440 ms in 71.4% of patients post-dialysis, with a mortality rate of 73.3%. This was not statistically different from a mortality of 66.7% for those patients with maximum QTc less than 440 ms. Some (40.4%) of the patients had a QTc dispersion longer than 80 ms; the mortality rate of these (70.5%) was not statistically different from 68.0% for those with shorter QTc dispersion.
    Arrhythmia was rare in all cases. Patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) had the longest QTc dispersion and a statistically higher mortality rate. The in-hospital mortality in our patients was high (69.0%) but this might have been related to late presentation and limited facilities and not necessarily to acute cardiovascular complications of prolonged QTc dispersion.
     
  6. Title: Left ventricular viability in a patient with heart failure due to left main stem stenosis, predicted by SPECT and gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance but not by dobutamine stress echocardiography : case report
    Authors: Smedema, J.P.; Snoep, G.; Van Kroonenburgh, M.; Eerens F.
    From: Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa, Vol 17, Issue 1, Jan / Feb
    Published: 2006
    Pages: p.24-26
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    Abstract: A 54-year-old woman with occlusive disease of the distal abdominal aorta was referred for pre-operative risk assessment, and was diagnosed with severe impairment of the left ventricular function due to left main stem coronary artery stenosis.
    Low-dose dobutamine stress echocardiography did not demonstrate contractile reserve, while gadolinium enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) suggested viability of the left ventricle. The patient underwent coronary bypass grafting, and had an uncomplicated post-operative course, with improvement of the left ventricular ejection fraction from the initial 20% to 44% after four months. The value of CMR in determining myocardial viability in left main stem stenosis has not previously been reported.
     
  7. Title: Tele-cardiology : review article
    Authors: Molefi, Moretlo; Fortuin, Jill; Wynchank, Sinclair
    From: Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa, Vol 17, Issue 1, Jan / Feb
    Published: 2006
    Pages: p.27-32
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    Abstract: After defining tele-medicine, we describe its situation in the public health service of South Africa and its application to cardiology. Methods of communication relevant to tele-cardiology are outlined, together with their bearing on primary healthcare. The range of tele-cardiological applications to electrocardiology, echocardiology, auscultation, imaging and pathology are indicated. Tele-cardiology's contributions to a range of cardiological problems and types of management are described briefly. Finally, a mention is made of the relevance of tele-medicine to education and the costs related to cardiology, with an indication of some future needs for tele-cardiology.
     
  8. Title: High-Density Cholesterol : The New Target : A Handbook for Clinicians, Philip Barter, Kerry-Anne Rye : book review
    Authors: Raal, F.J.
    From: Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa, Vol 17, Issue 1, Jan / Feb
    Published: 2006
    Pages: p.33
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  9. Title: New study provides convincing data on erectile dysfunction as a major indicator of CV risk : drug trends in cardiology
    From: Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa, Vol 17, Issue 1, Jan / Feb
    Published: 2006
    Pages: p.34
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  10. Title: Cardiac safety of phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors validated : drug trends in cardiology
    From: Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa, Vol 17, Issue 1, Jan / Feb
    Published: 2006
    Pages: p.34
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  11. Title: Aggressive lovastatin therapy to ATP III guidelines shows 68% reduction in risk of acute major coronary events : drug trends in cardiology
    From: Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa, Vol 17, Issue 1, Jan / Feb
    Published: 2006
    Pages: p.37
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  12. Title: Aspirin may cut heart disease deaths in women with heart disease : drug trends in cardiology
    From: Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa, Vol 17, Issue 1, Jan / Feb
    Published: 2006
    Pages: p.37
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  13. Title: Eprosartan normalises platelet function in hypertensive patients : support for stroke prevention in MOSES study : drug trends in cardiology
    From: Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa, Vol 17, Issue 1, Jan / Feb
    Published: 2006
    Pages: p.38
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  14. Title: Trend towards prolonged survival in bisoprolol-first (Concor(R)) for heart-failure trial (CIBIS III) : drug trends in cardiology, Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa 16(5) 2005, p.276 : erratum
    From: Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa, Vol 17, Issue 1, Jan / Feb
    Published: 2006
    Pages: p.38
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  15. Title: IDEAL study shows intensive LDL cholesterol lowering in heart disease patients reduces cardiovascular events : drug trends in cardiology
    From: Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa, Vol 17, Issue 1, Jan / Feb
    Published: 2006
    Pages: p.40
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  16. Title: ASCOT study highlights benefits of amlodipine in lowering central aortic systolic blood pressure : drug trends in cardiology
    From: Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa, Vol 17, Issue 1, Jan / Feb
    Published: 2006
    Pages: p.41-42
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  17. Title: Clinical lessons from ASCOT : drug trends in cardiology
    From: Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa, Vol 17, Issue 1, Jan / Feb
    Published: 2006
    Pages: p.42
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  18. Title: Cardio news
    From: Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa, Vol 17, Issue 1, Jan / Feb
    Published: 2006
    Pages: p.44
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A preliminary review of warfarin toxicity in a tertiary hospital in Cape Town, South Africa

Published: 21 June 2017
 
Perceptions of radiation safety training among interventionalists in South Africa

Published: 24 May 2017
 
Effects of age on systemic inflamatory response syndrome and results of coronary bypass surgery

Published: 23 May 2017
 
Pilot study of risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease in northern and southern Cameroonians

Published: 17 May 2017
 
Clinical profile, management and outcomes of patients with pulmonary embolism: a retrospective tertiary centre study in Angola

Published: 17 May 2017
 
Role of melatonin in glucose uptake by cardiomyocytes from insulin-resistant Wistar rats

Published: 17 May 2017
 
Atorvastatin inhibits cholesterol-induced caspase-3 cleavage through down-regulation of p38 and up-regulation of Bcl-2 in the rat carotid artery

Published: 10 May 2017
 
Relationship between coronary tortuosity and plateletcrit coronary tortuosity and plateletcrit

Published: 26 April 2017
 
Clinical presentation and outcomes of patients with acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease seen at a tertiary hospital setting in Port Elizabeth, South Africa

Published: 20 April 2017
 
 
Electrocardiographic abnormalities in treatment-naïve HIV subjects in south-east Nigeria

Published: 24 March 2017
 
 
Medication adherence among cardiac patients in Khartoum State, Sudan: a cross-sectional study

Published: 24 March 2017
 
 
An unusual case of aorta–right atrial tunnel with windsock aneurysm: imaging, diagnosis and treatment

Published: 15 March 2017
 
 
Prevalence of rheumatic valvular heart disease in Rwandan school children: echocardiographic evaluation using the World Heart Federation criteria

Published: 1 March 2017
 
 
Factors affecting interest in cardiothoracic surgery among junior surgical residents in Nigeria

Published: 1 March 2017
 
 
New World’s old disease: cardiac hydatid disease and surgical principles

Published: 20 February 2017
 
 
The prevalence and radiological findings of pulmonary embolism in HIV-positive patients referred for computed tomography pulmonary angiography in the Western Cape of South Africa

Published: 15 February 2017
 
 
Right ventricular strain as predictor of pulmonary complications in patients with femur fracture

Published: 01 February 2017
 
 
Atrial myxoma: a rare cause of hemiplegia in children

Published: 09 December 2016
 
 
Telmisartan decreases microalbuminuria in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus following coronary artery bypass grafting

Published: 10 November 2016
 
 
Left ventricular haematoma mimicking lateral wall myocardial infarction secondary to percutaneous coronary intervention

Published: 10 November 2016
 
 
Symptom-to-balloon time and myocardial blush grade are predictors of left ventricular remodelling after successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention

Published: 27 October 2016
 
 
Effects of Ramadan intermittent fasting on North African children’s heart rate and oxy-haemoglobin saturation at rest and during sub-maximal exercise

Published: 21 October 2016
 
 
Xanthine oxidase inhibitors in ischaemic heart disease

Published: 09 September 2016
 
 
Prevalence of selected cardiometabolic risk factors among adults in urban and semi-urban hospitals in four sub-Saharan African countries

Published: 22 August 2016
 
 
Assessment of indirect inflammatory markers in patients with myocardial bridging

Published: 19 August 2016
 
 
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